All individuals who are undergoing spine surgery, regardless of the type is covered by this booklet. While the brochure is primarily aimed at the lower spine, the principles are also applicable to protect the neck and upper back. The technique may also work for conditions that are not surgical. The spine consists of bones, intervertebral Discs, ligaments (ligaments), nerves (nerves), and muscles. This complex structure allows for mobility and protection.
The spine is comprised of 33 individual bones, divided into 5 areas, including cervical (neck), upper back (thoracic), lower back (lumbar), sacral (tailbone), and coccyx. Three natural curves help to distribute the weight of the spine. A disc is located between each vertebra. These discs precio de operación de hernia discal not only allow the movement between vertebrae; they absorb pressure from activities, such as lifting and bending. Each disc has an inner soft core (nucleus), surrounded on all sides by hard fibrous rings. Healthy discs will be elastic and springy.
The spine may be damaged by excessive or abnormal load. Bulge or prolapse of the disc. The spinal column is covered with numerous ligaments that run between the vertebrae. These ligaments resist excessive movements and help provide spinal stability.
Muscles of the spine have two primary functions. The superficial muscles are responsible for the movement and control of your spine. The deep core stabilization muscles are responsible for protecting and stabilizing the spine. They include the transversus abdominus, diaphragm and pelvic floors. After an episode lower back pain, these muscles become less efficient at stabilising back and the pelvis.
When the pain subsides, they do not return to their previous strength. It makes you more vulnerable to future back problems. These deep stabilization exercises help you to decrease your back pain, improve your functionality, and prevent future injuries. Exercises like walking, swimming or even general exercises will not strengthen your stabilizing muscles. However, in the long run they are important. The hospital will begin these stability exercises. With ultrasound imaging your physiotherapist is able to evaluate the strength of the stability muscles. They can then show you new exercises that are more difficult as the contraction gets stronger. This happens in the physiotherapist’s room usually 2 to 3 weeks after surgery.
The lamina (vertebral arch) forms the spinal canal. Through side openings formed by the adjacent vertebrae, spinal nerves emerge from the spinal cord. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the brain, the spinal cord and the rest the body. These nerves carry information including outgoing commands for muscles, and sensory input from the skin, muscles and joint.
Insufficient space (stenosis) can cause the nerves in the spinal column to become compressed or irritated. A disc injury or bony changes may cause this. Inflammation can also be a factor. It can lead to symptoms like pins-and-needles, numbness or leg pain. These symptoms can be relieved after back surgery depending on the patient, the severity of the compression and how long they have existed. After surgery, nerve pain usually subsides quickly. However, it may take some time if damage is more serious.